What Is A Risk Assessment?
It is an organised look at what, in your work activities and workplace, could
cause harm to people. This will allow you to weigh up whether you have taken
enough precautions or should do more to avoid harm.
The important things you need to decide are whether a hazard is significant
and whether you have covered it by satisfactory precautions so that the risk is
What Do The Terms Hazard And Risk Mean?
A hazard is something that has the potential to cause harm.
A risk is the chance, high or low, of that harm occurring.
Before You Start A Risk Assessment
Check whether any of the fire safety arrangements in your workplace have
previously been approved under other fire safety, licensing or building
legislation. If this is the case, an assessment of the fire precautions needed
under that legislation will have been made at the time by, or in consultation
with, the fire authority or the building control authority.
Regardless of any previous approval, you still need to carry out a fire risk
assessment. However, if the previous approval covered all the matters required
by the Fire Regulations, and conditions have remained unchanged, e.g. numbers of
people present, work activity etc., then your fire risk assessment may well show
that few, if any, additional precautions are needed.
Your risk assessment may identify additional matters which need addressing if
the previous approval was given according to an out-of-date standard of fire
precautions, or the approval was under legislation which does not cover all the
requirements of the Fire Regulations. If you are not sure, your local fire
authority will be able to advise you.
Nobody knows as much about your business as you and the people who work with and
for you. Try to use your own knowledge and experience and that of your
colleagues and staff. Talk to your employees and listen to their concerns.
The safety representative (if there is one) and your employees will have a valuable
contribution to make. They can help you identify key issues and may already have
practical suggestions for improvements.
Proper planning of your assessment, and any changes necessary because of it,
includes consulting the workforce and their representatives. This can help
ensure that any changes are introduced more easily and accepted more readily.
However, remember that risk assessment is essentially a matter of applying
informed common sense. You need to identify what could reasonably be expected to
cause danger. Ignore the trivial and concentrate on significant hazards.
It is important that you carry out your fire risk assessment in a practical and
systematic way. It must take the whole of the workplace into account, including
outdoor locations and any rooms and areas which are rarely used.
If your workplace is small you may be able to assess the workplace as a whole. In
larger buildings, you will often find it helpful to divide the workplace into
rooms or a series of assessment areas using natural boundaries, e.g. process areas,
offices, stores, workshops as well as corridors, stairways and external routes.
If your workplace is in a building shared with other employers, you and all the
other occupiers and any other person who has control of any other part of the
workplace will need to discuss your risk assessments. This will help to ensure
that any areas of higher risk, and the need for any extra precautions, are